Archaic period, about 8,000 to 3,000 years ago; West Bedford, Massachusetts; Material: granite; Length: 6.5 cm; Adams Tolman Collection, gift of Mrs. Adams Tolman (1990). Photograph by Jeff Boudreau.

This plummet, or weight used in fishing, was found in a meadow in the western part of Bedford, near the Concord River. It may have been used as a weight for a fishing line together with a bone fishing hook, or for weighting a net. Plummets are also known to have been used ceremonially in the historic period. It is of a style typical of the hunters of the Archaic period of approximately 8,000 to 3,000 years ago when mixed oak forests emerged as the climate warmed.